The attacks that occured in France on November 13th 2015 and the events of November 18th 2015 in Saint-Denis were traumatic for the victims, their relatives and French society as a whole. The community of researchers gathered to understand the phenomena at work today.
Programme 13-Novembre is a transdisciplinary research programme that will run for 12 years. Its objective is to study the construction and evolution of memory after the attacks of 13 November 2015, and in particular the articulation between individual and collective memory.
One of the main studies of the Programme, Étude 1000, has for objective to collect the testimonies of the same1000 volunteers in 2016, 2018, 2021 and 2026. The filming of these testimonies are carried out by the ECPAD or by the INA.
These individual testimonies will be put into perspective with the traces of the collective memory as it has been built up over the years: television and radio news, press articles, reactions on social networks, texts and images of the commemorations...
To understand the effects of traumatic events on brain structure and function, the biomedical study REMEMBER, lead in Caen, focuses on neurobiological markers of trauma resilience in a subgroup of 180 people. In 2020, REMEMBER will evolve with the addition of two new research paths : REMEMBER-GABA, that will study neuronal inhibition, and CARE 13-11, a pediatric protocol.
11 questions are added to the CRÉDOC’s bi-annual « Living Conditions and Aspirations » study that has been surveying a representative sample of the French population based on the quota method for the past fourty years. The frequency of this study, the volume, the size of the sample, and therefore the representativeness of the two to three thousand people interviewed, make it a privileged observation point.
Lead in collaboration with Santé Publique France / Carried by Santé Publique France, ESPA 13-Novembre is a national public health study, lead via online questionnaires. The volunteers are victims, relatives, first responders and witnesses of the attacks. The aim of the study is to assess the psycho-traumatic impact of the attacks, to better understand the use of the care facilities offered and to raise awareness among those involved.
ISSUES / (WHAT IS) AT STAKE
Memory is an essential element in the construction of both individual and collective identity. In this sense, the memory of the attacks of 13 November participates and will participate in shaping tomorrow's society. It is the role of scientific research to analyse these phenomena to enable us to better understand and apprehend them.
It is also a matter of preserving and transmitting the memory of the attacks of 13 November. This is a form of engagement on the part of the scientific community towards the citizens.
A TRANSDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH PROGRAM
Transdisciplinarity is essential for understanding the complexity and importance of memory at the individual and collective levels and its changes in a society with amplified means of communication. The ambition of this project is to build together common research objects, with researchers from ten disciplines.
Monthly workshop of Equipex (French Excellence Laboratory) MATRICE and Programme 13-Novembre 2019-2020 theme :
« Memory, trauma, reconstruction »
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Press review in english language
Franco-American Conference in Law, Criminology, Economics, History and Philosophy
WHAT IS SUFFERING WORTH? PERSPECTIVES ACROSS DISCIPLINES ON THE TREATMENT OF VICTIMS
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Scientific publications in english language
Dayan J, Rauchs G, Guillery-Girard B, « Rhythms dysregulation : A new perspective for understanding PTSD ? », Journal of Physiology, Paris 17 : 30004-30009, 2017
Yvon Motreff, Thierry Baubet, Philippe Pirard, Gabrielle Rabet, Matthieu Petitclerc, Lise Eilin Stene, Cécile Vuillermoz, Pierre Chauvin, StéphanieVandentorren, « Factors associated with PTSD and partial PTSD among first responders following the Paris terror attacks in November 2015 », Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 121, February 2020, pages 143-150
MATRICE is a technological plateform financed by French State in order to study the relationship between individual and collective memory through the comparative study of testimonies, at different scales, of WWII and 9/11. Denis Peschanski is the Scientific coordinator of this Equipex.
In 2019, a paper presenting results that have very much to do with Programme 13-Novembre was published by Nature.Human Behaviour. Indeed, through a neuroscientific approach, the work of Pierre Gagnepain proves how collective memory (in the shape of TV news and artefacts presented in memorials) shapes the organisation of individual memories.
Gagnepain P, Vallée T, Heiden S, Decorde M, Gauvain J-L, Laurent A, Klein-Peschanski C, Viader F, Peschanski D, Eustache F, Collective memory shapes the organization of individual memories in the medial prefrontal cortex, Nature. Human Behaviour, 2019